ACMI is a college of elected Fellows from the U.S. and abroad who have made significant and sustained contributions to the field of medical informatics. It is the central body for a community of scholars and practitioners who are committed to advancing the informatics field.
Health Literacy, eHealth, and Communication: Putting the Consumer First English | 1 edition | March 24, 2009 | ISBN-10: 0309126428 | 126 pages
There is great enthusiasm over the use of emerging interactive health information technologies-often referred to as eHealth-and the potential these technologies have to improve the quality, capacity, and efficiency of the health care system. However, many doctors, advocacy groups, policy makers and consumers are concerned that electronic health systems might help individuals and communities with greater resources while leaving behind those with limited access to technology.
In order to address this problem, the Institute of Medicine's Roundtable on Health Literacy held a workshop to explore the current status of communication technology, the challenges for its use in populations with low health literacy, and the strategies for increasing the benefit of these technologies for populations with low health literacy. The summary of the workshop, "Health Literacy, eHealth, and Communication: Putting the Consumer First," includes participants' comments on these issues.
"PACS and Digital Medicine: Essential Principles and Modern Practice" English | 2010 | ISBN: 1420083651 | 367 pages
To improve efficiency and reduce administrative costs, healthcare providers, insurance companies, and governments are increasingly using integrated electronic health record (EHR) and picture archiving and communication systems (PACS) to manage patients’ medical information. Reflecting the latest applications of PACS technology, PACS and Digital Medicine: Essential Principles and Modern Practice discusses the essential principles of PACS, EHR, and related technological advancements as well as practical issues concerning the implementation, operation, and maintenance of PACS and EHR systems.
The book focuses on various components of PACS that use state-of-the-art technologies. The authors first present topics to consider prior to implementation, including design principles for PACS components and theory. They also cover post-installation quality control; security and privacy policies; maintenance, including upgrade/integration with other information systems; and governing standards. Each chapter includes an introduction to basic concepts and principles relevant to the topics, before exploring challenges that PACS users may encounter in daily work. Discussions are supplemented with more than 130 illustrations, along with case studies of implementation in two organizations.
A useful guide and broad overview of the field, this book presents key principles and practical steps for PACS and EHR implementations and maintenance. Although the technology and standards of healthcare IT will evolve over time, the theory and practical advice found in this text will remain pertinent in the future.
The book introduces the basic concepts and then explains its application to problems of great relevance, so both novice and expert readers can benefit fr om the information and research works presented here.
This book is divided into different research areas relevant in Bioinformatics such as biological networks, next generation sequencing, high performance computing, molecular modeling, structural bioinformatics, molecular modeling and intelligent data analysis.
Section 1 Analysis of Biological Networks
1 Hierarchical Biological Pathway Data Integration and Mining
2 Investigation on Nuclear Transport of Trypanosoma brucei: An in silico Approach
3 Systemic Approach to the Genome Integration Process of Human Lentivirus
Section 2 Sequence Analysis
4 SeqAnt 2012: Recent Developments in Next-Generation Sequencing Annotation
Section 3 High-Performance Computing
5 Towards a Hybrid Federated Cloud Platform to Efficiently Execute BioinformaticsWorkflows
6 Hardware Accelerated Molecular Docking: A Survey
Section 4 Molecular Modeling
7 Incorporating Molecular Dynamics Simulations into Rational Drug Design: A Case Study on Influenza a Neuraminidases
8 Using Molecular Modelling to Study Interactions Between Molecules with Biological Activity
Section 5 Structural Bioinformatics
9 On the Assessment of Structural Protein Models with ROSETTA-Design and HMMer: Value, Potential and Lim itations
Section 6 Intelligent Data Analysis
10 Bacterial Promoter Features Description and Their Application on E. coli in silico Prediction and Recognition Approaches
11 Computational Approaches for Designing Efficient and Specific siRNAs
12 Novel microRNA Cloning Using Bioinformatics
13 Ensemble Clustering for Biological Datasets
14 Research on Pattern Matching with Wildcards and Length Constraints: Methods and Completeness
"Healthcare Knowledge Management: Issues, Advances and Successes" English | 2006 | ISBN: 0387335404 | 282 pages
Healthcare practitioners and managers increasingly find themselves in clinical situations where they have to think fast and process myriad diagnostic test results, medications and past treatment responses in order to make decisions.
Effective problem solving in the clinical environment or classroom simulated lab depends on a healthcare professional's immediate access to fresh information. Unable to consult a library for information, the healthcare practitioner must learn to effectively manage knowledge while thinking on their toes.
Knowledge Management (KM) holds the key to this dilemma in the healthcare environment. KM places value on the tacit knowledge that individuals hold within an institution and often makes use of IT to free up the collective wisdom of individuals within an organization. Healthcare Knowledge Management: Issues, Advances and Successes will explore the nature of KM within contemporary healthcare institutions and associated organizations. It will provide readers with an understanding of approaches to the critical nature and use of knowledge by investigating healthcare-based KM systems. Designed to demystify the KM process and demonstrate its applicability in healthcare, this text offers contemporary and clinically-relevant lessons for future organizational implementations.
The editors of this book have assembled a group of international contributors that reflects the diversity of KM applications in the healthcare sector. While many KM texts suffer from pitching theoretical issues at too technical a level, Healthcare Knowledge Management approaches the topic from the more versatile "twin" perspectives of both academia and commerce. This unique text is integrative in nature – a practical guide to managing and developing KM that is underpinned by theory and research.
A. K. Soman - Cloud-Based Solutions for Healthcare IT
Published: 2011-03-04 | ISBN: 1578087023 | 290 pages
Offering an introduction to Cloud-based healthcare IT system, this timely book equips healthcare providers with the background necessary to evaluate and deploy Cloud-based solutions to today’s compliance and efficiency issues. Divided into three sections, it first discusses Cloud Service technologies and business models as well as the pros and cons of Cloud Services as compared to traditional in-house IT solutions. The second reviews applications in healthcare and a review of HIPAA and HITECH provisions. Finally, the book addresses the process of adopting Cloud solutions, including vendor evaluation, migration strategies, and managing transition risks. It concludes with a look at related topics and real-world case studies.
Neil S. Skolnik - Electronic Medical Records: A Practical Guide for Primary Care
Published: 2010-10-28 | ISBN: 160761605X | 168 pages
Physician adoption of electronic medical records (EMRs) has become a national priority. It is said that EMRs have the potential to greatly improve patient care, to provide the data needed for more effective population management and quality assurance of both an individual practice’s patients and well as patients of large health care systems, and the potential to create efficiencies that allow physicians to provide this improved care at a far lower cost than at present.
„What is the evidence for investing in high quality health information for patients and the public? The provision of health information to patients and the public is now firmly embedded in health policy across the UK...Yet information for patients, in most places, remains a ‘nice to’ instead of a ‘must have’...Investment in the development and delivery of health information is often uncoordinated and in many cases absent. Health information for patients and the public needs investment and a coordinated and systematic approach to delivery...
This Case for Information does just that. It identifies and sets out the evidence about the benefits of providing,and the harms of not providing, high quality health information for patients and the public...“ The Patient Information Forum (PiF) is the organisation for people working in consumer health information. PiF campaigns to ensure that consumer health information is central to high quality, patient-centred care and helps providers develop high quality information for their patients and the public.
Executive summary X 4
1 The brief X 19
2 Our approach X 20
Methodology X 20
Academic literature review X 20
Grey literature review X 20
Limitations of the research X 20
Structure of the report and framework for analysis X 21
3 Context X 22
Healthcare in the UK is changing X 22
Finances are tighter than ever X 22
Patients are at the centre of health policy-making X 23
A push for patients to engage in their own healthcare X 24
Patients need information in order to engage X 25
Information is the key to improving patient experience X 26
Improving patient experience has wider benefits X 27
Section 3 - References X 28
4 The Information landscape X 30
Patient information is now on the agenda X 30
The main levers for making the Case for Information X 31
Yet there is still some way to go X 34
Patient satisfaction with information and communication X 35
What information do patients want? X 35
Sources of health information X 36
Information provided by health professionals X 36
Health information online X 37
Supporting patient choice X 38
A perfect information journey? X 40
Ensuring informed consent X 41
Improving health literacy X 41
Investing in health information X 43
The harms of not investing in health information and support X 43
Section 4 - References X 45
A simplified model of the Case for Information X 48
5 The business case for investing in consumer health information X 49
Section 5 - References X 52
6 Patient engagement, service utilisation and health costs X 53
Section 6 - References X 55
7 Enhancing patient experience X 56
Section 7 - References X 60
8 Patient engagement, health behaviour and status X 62
Section 8 - References X 64
9 Providing health information – what works X 65
Section 9 - References X 68
10 The Patient Information Forum’s view X 69
11 Quality standards X 70
Health Information Technology Toolkit for Critical Access and Small Hospitals http://www.stratishealth.org/expertise/healthit/hospitals/htoolkit.html The Health Information Technology (HIT) Toolkit for Critical Access and Small Hospitals helps these health care organizations assess their readiness, plan, select, implement, make effective use of, and exchange important information about the clients you serve. The toolkit contains numerous resources, including tools for telehealth, health information exchange, and personal health records. The purpose of this toolkit is to provide tools, tested in hospitals, that will help you plan and make the right choices, as well as to avoid having to re-invent the wheel as you plan for and implement HIT in your hospital.
The HIT Toolkit for Critical Access and Small Hospitals consists of seven stages categorized into three main sections. Descriptions of the individual tools are available on the Web pages for each section. All of the tools are listed below.
Web Science in Medicine and Healthcare
Focus Theme – Editorial
K. Denecke (1), E. Brooks (2)
(1) Innovation Center Computer Assisted Surgery, Leipzig, Germany; (2) University of the Highlands and Islands, Ness Walk, Inverness, UK
Objectives: Medical social-media provide a new source of information within information gaining contexts. Facts, experiences, opinions or information on behaviour can be found in the medical web and could support a broad range of applications. The intention of this Focus Theme is to bring the existing research together and to show the possibilities, challenges and technologies for Web Science in medicine and healthcare. Methods: This editorial provides an overview on the landscape of medical social-media and their possibilities in supporting healthcare. Further, it summarizes the three papers included in this Focus Theme. Results and Conclusions: The three papers of this Focus Theme consider different aspects of Web Science in medicine which are 1) detection of drug interactions from social media, 2) inferring community structures from online forums and 3) improving access to online videos through assignment of SNOMED CT terms. All three papers show the potential of medical social-media in supporting health information gathering processes from the web. However, several issues still need to be addressed in future: Methods are necessary for identifying high quality information from the medical web as well as for processing the language that is used by social media users to report about their symptoms, diseases and other health issues.
[Free download] http://www.schattauer.de/en/magazine/subject-areas/journals-a-z/methods/contents/archive/issue/1727/manuscript/19493.html
David Edward Marcinko, "Dictionary of Health Information Technology and Security" English | 2007 | ISBN: 0826149952 | 448 pages
Over 10,000 Detailed Entries!
"There is a myth that all stakeholders in the healthcare space understand the meaning of basic information technology jargon. In truth, the vernacular of contemporary medical information systems is unique, and often misused or misunderstood Moreover, an emerging national Heath Information Technology (HIT) architecture; in the guise of terms, definitions, acronyms, abbreviations and standards; often puts the non-expert medical, nursing, public policy administrator or paraprofessional in a position of maximum uncertainty and minimum productivity The Dictionary of Health Information Technology and Security will therefore help define, clarify and explain...You will refer to it daily."
-- Richard J. Mata, MD, MS, MS-CIS, Certified Medical Planner (Hon), Chief Medical Information Officer [CMIO], Ricktelmed Information Systems, Assistant Professor Texas State University, San Marcos, Texas
* layman, purchaser, and benefits manager
* physician, provider and healthcare facility
* payer, intermediary and consulting professional
* New HIT, HIPAA, WHCQA, HITPA, and NEPSI terminology
* Abbreviations, acronyms, and slang-terms defined
* Illustrations and simple examples
* Cross-references to current research
Lee Harland, Mark Forster, "Open Source Software in Life Science Research: Practical Solutions to Common Challenges in the Pharmaceutical Industry and Beyond"
2013 | ISBN-10: 1907568972 | 582 pages
The free/open source approach has grown from a minor activity to become a significant producer of robust, task-orientated software for a wide variety situations and applications. Examples range from core infrastructure platforms such as the apache web-server, powerful document indexing and search tools such as Lucene through to major user-orientated systems such as Mediawiki (which powers Wikipedia) and Drupal (which powers many diverse websites). To life science informatics groups, these systems present an appealing proposition - high quality software at a very attractive price. Open source software in life science research considers how industry and applied research groups have embraced these resources, discussing practical implementations that address real-world business problems.
Key Features; discusses a broad range of applications from a variety of sectors; provides a unique perspective on work normally performed behind closed doors; highlights the criteria used to compare and assess different approaches to solving problems.
Contents: Building research data handling systems with open source tools; Interactive predictive toxicology with Bioclipse and OpenTox; Utilizing open source software to facilitate communication of chemistry at RSC; Open source software for mass spectrometry and metabolomics; Open source software for image processing and analysis: Picture this with ImageJ; Integrated data analysis with KNIME; Investigation-Study-Assay, a toolkit for standardizing data capture and sharing; GenomicTools: An open source platform for developing high-throughput analytics in genomics; Creating an in-house omics data portal using EBI Atlas software; Setting up an omics platform in a small biotech; Squeezing big data into a small organisation; Design Tracker: An easy to use and fl exible hypothesis tracking system to aid project team working; Free and open source software for web-based collaboration; Developing scientifi c business applications using open source search and visualisation technologies; Utopia Documents: Transforming how industrial scientists interact with the scientific literature; Semantic MediaWiki in applied life science and industry: Building an Enterprise Encyclopaedia; Building disease and target knowledge with Semantic MediaWiki; Chem2Bio2RDF: A semantic resource for systems chemical biology and drug discovery; TripleMap: A web-based semantic knowledge discovery and collaboration application for biomedical research; Extreme scale clinical analytics with open source software; Validation and regulatory compliance of free/open source software; The economics of free/open source software in industry.
Cristoph U. Lehmann, George R. Kim, Kevin B. Johnson, "Pediatric Informatics: Computer Applications in Child Health"
2009 | pages: 472 | ISBN: 0387764453
Now is a critical time in pediatric informatics. As information technologies - electronic health records (EHRs), personal health records (PHRs), computerized physician order entry (CPOE) - and standards (HL7) are developed to improve the quality of health care, it is imperative for policy makers and pediatricians to be aware of their impact on pediatric care and child health. Informed child advocates must be at the planning table as national and regional health information networks are developed to insure the unique health care needs of children are being met. "Pediatric Informatics: Computer Applications in Child Health" is a current digest of the important trends in pediatric informatics, written by leading experts in the field. This book explores how the management of biomedical data, information, and knowledge can optimize and advance child health. The contributors investigate whether the specific importance of pediatric informatics is derived from the biological, psychological, social and cultural needs that distinguish children from other populations. These distinctions create complexities in the management of pediatric data and information that make children a vulnerable population and require the development of a new body of knowledge in pediatric informatics.
Valerie Powell, Franklin M. Din, Amit Acharya, Miguel Humberto Torres-Urquidy - Integration of Medical and Dental Care and Patient Data
Published: 2012-01-19 | ISBN: 1447121848 | 288 pages
This book informs readers of the needs and rationale for the integration of medical and dental care and information with an international perspective as to how and where medical and dental care separated into specific domains. It provide high level guidance on issues involved with care and data integration and how to achieve an integrated model of health care supported by integrated HIT. A patient typically expects that a visit to a dentist can usually be resolved immediately. This expectation places a premium on instant, accurate, thorough, and current information. The state-of-the-art of fully integrated (dental-medical) electronic health record (EHR) is covered and this is contrasted with the current state of dental-medical software. While dentists in the US Veterans Health Administration (VHA), the US Indian Health Service (IHS), or the US military, for example, have access to fully integrated health records, most US clinicians still gather information from separate sources via fax or phone calls. The authors provide an in-depth discussion of the role of informatics and information science in the articulation of medical and dental practices and clinical data with the focus on applied clinical informatics to improve quality of care, practice efficiency, coordination and continuity of care, communication between physicians and dentists and to provide a more comprehensive care for the patients. Lastly, the book examines advances in medical and dental research and how these may affect dentistry in the future. Most new advances in healthcare research are information-intensive.
Harold C. Sox, Michael C. Higgins, "Medical Decision Making"
2013 | ISBN-10: 0470658665 | 364 pages
This book clearly demonstrates how to best make medical decisions while incorporating clinical practice guidelines and decision support systems for electronic medical record systems. New to this edition is how medical decision making ideas are being incorporated into clinical decision support systems in electronic medical records and also how they are being used to shape practice guidelines and policies.
V. Koutkias, J. Nies, S. Jensen, N. Maglaveras, R. Beuscart - Patient Safety Informatics: Adverse Drug Events, Human Factors and IT Tools for Patient Medication Safety
Published: 2011-05-15 | ISBN: 1607507390 |
Improving patient safety and the quality of healthcare poses many challenges, and information technology (IT) can support the measures necessary to address these. Unfortunately, the risk of adverse drug events (ADEs) rises alongside the increasing sophistication of the health IT systems incorporated into hospital environments. These pose a risk to the safety of patients and incur considerable extra healthcare costs. Approaches introduced to eliminate ADEs raise a number of concerns, not least that the successful transferability and use of such tools into real clinical settings is only possible by means of a holistic, validated and qualitative approach. This book is a collection of papers presented at the second workshop organized in the context of the EU-funded Patient Safety through Intelligent Procedures in medication (PSIP) project and held in 2011 in Paris. The workshop provides an opportunity for experts active in the field to share ideas and experiences arising from many different perspectives. The 29 papers address current, novel methods and applications which have achieved concrete results and are relevant to the domain of patient safety as a whole, and are grouped into four main sections: designing IT systems for patient safety; methods and technologies for developing patient safety systems; novel applications to validate patient safety informatics and impact assessment studies for patient safety informatics outcomes. Significant progress has been made in the field, but even greater challenges must still be faced if a successful transfer of research ideas and outcomes into clinical practice is to be accomplished. A new focus in healthcare IT is called for; one which specifically addresses the issue of patient safety.
Robert Riener, Matthias Harders - Virtual Reality in Medicine
Published: 2012-04-20 | ISBN: 1447140109 |
Virtual Reality has the potential to provide descriptive and practical information for medical training and therapy while relieving the patient or the physician. Multimodal interactions between the user and the virtual environment facilitate the generation of high-fidelity sensory impressions, by using not only visual and auditory, but also kinesthetic, tactile, and even olfactory feedback modalities. On the basis of the existing physiological constraints, Virtual Reality in Medicine derives the technical requirements and design principles of multimodal input devices, displays, and rendering techniques.
Resulting from a course taught by the authors, Virtual Reality in Medicine presents examples for surgical training, intra-operative augmentation, and rehabilitation that are already in use as well as those currently in development. It is well suited as introductory material for engineering and computer science students, as well as researchers who want to learn more about basic technologies in the area of virtual reality applied to medicine. It also provides a broad overview to non-engineering students as well as clinical users, who desire to learn more about the current state of the art and future applications of this technology.
Ira J. Kalet PhD, "Principles of Biomedical Informatics, Second Edition"
2013 | ISBN-10: 0124160190 | 708 pages
This second edition of a pioneering technical work in biomedical informatics provides a very readable treatment of the deep computational ideas at the foundation of the field. Principles of Biomedical Informatics, 2nd Edition is radically reorganized to make it especially useable as a textbook for courses that move beyond the standard introductory material. It includes exercises at the end of each chapter, ideas for student projects, and a number of new topics, such as: . tree structured data, interval trees, and time-oriented medical data and their use . On Line Application Processing (OLAP), an old database idea that is only recently coming of age and finding surprising importance in biomedical informatics . a discussion of nursing knowledge and an example of encoding nursing advice in a rule-based system . X-ray physics and algorithms for cross-sectional medical image reconstruction, recognizing that this area was one of the most central to the origin of biomedical computing . an introduction to Markov processes, and . an outline of the elements of a hospital IT security program, focusing on fundamental ideas rather than specifics of system vulnerabilities or specific technologies.
It is simultaneously a unified description of the core research concept areas of biomedical data and knowledge representation, biomedical information access, biomedical decision-making, and information and technology use in biomedical contexts, and a pre-eminent teaching reference for the growing number of healthcare and computing professionals embracing computation in health-related fields.
As in the first edition, it includes many worked example programs in Common LISP, the most powerful and accessible modern language for advanced biomedical concept representation and manipulation.
The text also includes humor, history, and anecdotal material to balance the mathematically and computationally intensive development in many of the topic areas. The emphasis, as in the first edition, is on ideas and methods that are likely to be of lasting value, not just the popular topics of the day. Ira Kalet is Professor Emeritus of Radiation Oncology, and of Biomedical Informatics and Medical Education, at the University of Washington. Until retiring in 2011 he was also an Adjunct Professor in Computer Science and Engineering, and Biological Structure. From 2005 to 2010 he served as IT Security Director for the University of Washington School of Medicine and its major teaching hospitals. He has been a member of the American Medical Informatics Association since 1990, and an elected Fellow of the American College of Medical Informatics since 2011. His research interests include simulation systems for design of radiation treatment for cancer, software development methodology, and artificial intelligence applications to medicine, particularly expert systems, ontologies and modeling.
* Develops principles and methods for representing biomedical data, using information in context and in decision making, and accessing information to assist the medical community in using data to its full potential
* Provides a series of principles for expressing biomedical data and ideas in a computable form to integrate biological, clinical, and public health applications
* Includes a discussion of user interfaces, interactive graphics, and knowledge resources and reference material on programming languages to provide medical informatics programmers with the technical tools to develop systems