"The History of Medicine: The Middle Ages: 500-1450 "
Facts on File | English | | ISBN: 081607206X | 177 pages
During the Middle Ages (ca. 529-1100), the rise of Christianity had a definite effect on the practice of medicine. Pope Gregory (ca. 540-604) stressed the importance of prayer over medicine, and over time that sentiment became pervasive. Each time a person was healed, it was considered a miracle. The church taught that since God sometimes sent illness as punishment, that prayer and repentance could lead to recovery. When Christians used herbal remedies, the church wanted the magic spells to be replaced with prayers of devotion. Eventually, as different schools of thought emerged, tension developed between church-related cures and folk medicine. "The Middle Ages" illuminates what occurred during medieval times that affected future developments in medicine. Featuring a chronology, a glossary, and an array of historical and current sources for further research, this insightful new volume provides readers with a better understanding of the accomplishments of the time, explaining how and why scientific understanding was poised for the breakthrough of the Renaissance period. "The Middle Ages" is especially helpful for readers who need additional information on specific terms, topics, and developments in medical science. The chapters include: Medical Beliefs in Medieval Times; Medieval Healers and Hospitals; Diagnosis and Treatment Methods; Surgery in the Middle Ages; Women Practitioners and What Was Known About Women's Health; Public Health in the Middle Ages; Terrifying Illnesses of Medieval Times; and, The Golden Age of Islamic Medicine.
"Medicine Becomes a Science: 1840-1999"
Facts on File | 2010 | ISBN: 0816072094 | 168 pages
Scientists did not know what made people sick more than 150 years ago. There were many theories of how and why illness spread, but none of them were accurate. Though very primitive microscopes had permitted the examination of bacteria as early as the 1660s, it was not until the mid-19th century that bacteria's contribution to the spread of illness was understood. It was during this time that surgeons routinely examined patients in the morning and then performed surgeries in the afternoon - without wearing gloves or washing their hands first. Physician Ignaz Semmelweis made the connection between the lack of cleanliness and the spread of infection, which eventually drove Scottish physician Joseph Lister to push for greater sanitation in hospitals. "Medicine Becomes a Science" provides readers with a solid grounding for understanding medicine today. Spanning 160 years, this new volume offers illuminating information about medical knowledge, describing the historic events, scientific principles, and technical breakthroughs that have led to rapid advancement in combating disease. During this period, scientists and physicians finally realized the cause of disease, and with this discovery, medical progress began to go forward. Examining the works of Antoni van Leeuwenhoek, Louis Pasteur, and Robert Koch, this book features a chronology, a glossary, and an array of historical and current sources for further research. The chapters include: Medical Science Finally Advances; Women and Modern Medicine; Science Moves Forward in Diagnosis and Treatment; Advances in Medications; An Answer to Polio and Other Changes in Medicine; More Changes Brought About by War; The Science of the Heart; and, DNA Changes the Medical Knowledge Base.
Medical Science Finally Advances
Women and Modern Medicine
Science Moves Forward in Diagnosis and Treatment
Advances in Medications
An Answer to Polio and Other Changes in Medicine
More Changes Brought About by War
The Science of the Heart
DNA Changes the Medical Knowledge Base.