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История медицины и преподавания медицины

Elaine Yuen Tien Leong, Alisha Michelle Rankin
Secrets and Knowledge in Medicine and Science, 1500-1800
Published: 2011-08-01 | ISBN: 0754668541 | 252 pages

Secrets played a central role in transformations in medical and scientific knowledge in early modern Europe. As a new fascination with novelty began to take hold from the late fifteenth century, Europeans thirsted for previously unknown details about the natural world: new plants, animals, and other objects from nature, new recipes for medical and alchemical procedures, new knowledge about the human body, and new facts about the way nature worked. These 'secrets' became popular items of commerce and trade, as the quest for new and exclusive bits of information met the vibrant early modern marketplace. Whether disclosed widely in print or kept more circumspect in manuscripts, secrets helped drive an expanding interest in acquiring knowledge throughout early modern Europe. Bringing together international scholars, this volume provides a pan-European and interdisciplinary overview on the topic. Each essay offers significant new interpretations of the role played by secrets in their area of specialization. Chapters address key themes in early modern history and the history of medicine, science and technology including: the possession, circulation and exchange of secret knowledge across Europe; alchemical secrets and laboratory processes; patronage and the upper-class market for secrets; medical secrets and the emerging market for proprietary medicines; secrets and cosmetics; and, secrets and the body and finally gender and secrets.

Bernard Cribier, Bruno Haliloua, Jean Revuz, Gérard Tilles
"Quelques cas historiques en dermatologie"
Sp ringer | 2011 | ISBN: 2817800311 | 196 pages

La médecine foisonne de syndromes ou de maladies qui portent le nom de médecins célèbres. La dermatologie n'échappe pas à ce constat. Alibert, Besnier, Brocq-Pautrier, Kaposi, Lyell, Sabouraud ou Verneuil font partie de ces grands noms de la dermatologie française dont les travaux sont mis en lumière dans ce livre. Les auteurs qui ont écrit sur ces maladies sont des praticiens chevronnés mais également des passionnés de l'histoire de la médecine. Ils s'attachent à décrire le contexte de l'époque, de la découverte clinique et en ce sens font oeuvre d'historien. En mettant en lumière quelques anecdotes, parfois cocasses, ils facilitent et rendent agréable la lecture à celui qui cherche avant tout qu'on lui raconte une histoire. A l'ère des développements continus du progrès technologique, il reste impératif pour tout médecin de garder en mémoire la connaissance des découvertes de ses prédécesseurs. Ceux dont les noms figurent dans tant de livres et de publications ont connu doutes et errements. Leur parcours scientifique et éthique demeure une source de réflexion où tradition et progrès, loin de se combattre, peuvent coexister et se compléter harmonieusement. A propos d'une maladie à laquelle est attaché un nom devenu célèbre, un expert contemporain rapporte et analyse la publication princeps, puis livre sa réflexion sur l'évolution des idées relatives à cette affection. II dépeint également les traits de caractère, les petites manies ou les grands défauts de ce personnage illustre. Dans un texte mêlant science, histoire et humour, nous est présenté l'essentiel de ce qu'il ne faut pas oublier.

Arthur M. Silverstein, "A History of Immunology, Second Edition"
2009 | pages: 544 | ISBN: 012370586X | PDF

Written by an immunologist, this book traces the concept of immunity from ancient times up to the present day, examining how changing concepts and technologies have affected the course of the science. It shows how the personalities of scientists and even political and social factors influenced both theory and practice in the field. With fascinating stories of scientific disputes and shifting scientific trends, each chapter examines an important facet of this discipline that has been so central to the development of modern biomedicine. With its biographical dictionary of important scientists, its lists of significant discoveries and books, this volume will provide the most complete historical reference in the field.

. Written in an elegant style by long-time practicing immunologist

. The most complete history of immunology available

. Discusses the changing theories and technologies that guided the field

. Tells of the exciting disputes among prominent scientists

. Lists all the important discoveries and books in the field

. Explains in detail the many Nobel Pize-winning contributions of immunologists

Michael Willrich
"Pox: An American History"
ISBN: 1594202869 | 2011 | 400 pages

The untold story of how America's progressive-era war on smallpox sparked one of the great civil liberties battles of the twentieth century.

At the turn of the last century, a smallpox epidemic swept the United States from coast to coast. In this gripping account, award- winning historian Michael Willrich chronicles the government's fight against the outbreak and the ensuing clash of modern medicine, civil liberties, and state power. Pox introduces readers to memorable characters on both sides of the debate-from the doctors and club- wielding police charged with enforcing the law to vaccinate every citizen to the anti-vaccinationists, who stood up for their individual freedoms but were often dismissed as misguided cranks. Riveting and thoroughly researched, Pox delivers a masterful examination of progressive-era history that resonates powerfully today

Mainstreaming Midwives: The Politics of Change

Robbie Davis-Floyd and Christine Barbara Johnson
English | ISBN: 0415931517 | edition 2006 | 572 pages

This book describes the development of direct-entry midwifery in the United States. The first three chapters review the history, purposes, complexities, and the political strife that has characterized the evolution of midwifery in America.

The chapters in Part 2 constitute case studies of the efforts of direct-entry midwives to achieve legalization and licensure in six states; Florida, Michigan, Iowa, Virginia, Colorado, and Massachusetts with varying degrees of success. Part 3 addresses core issues in mainstreaming midwives, including the tensions between the social activist midwifery movement and midwives' professionalization projects, "renegade" midwives who practice outside of state protocols, and home-to-hospital transport.

The Conclusion describes the barriers to the growth and prospering of American midwifery and efforts to overcome them, and focuses deeply on "why midwives matter" to American birthgiving women and why midwives should be the primary caregivers in this country for pregnancy and birth.

Michael Stolberg - Experiencing Illness and the Sick Body in Early Modern Europe
Published: 2011-12-06 | ISBN: 0230243436 | 304 pages

Illness was ubiquitous in early modern society. Health was constantly threatened and medicine often proved powerless. Based on his analysis of contemporary autobiographical writing, of thousands of letters which the sick and their relatives sent to physicians of the time and of a wide range of other sources, Michael Stolberg describes how early modern people coped with pain and disease, how they interacted with physicians and other healers and how they tried to make sense of their suffering. He presents the ideas and imagesthat peopleassociated with commonly diagnosed diseases such as phthisis, gout, cancer, dropsy or fever. The first thorough and comprehensive overview of the early modern experience and lay interpretation of illness, Stolberg also traces the impact of new medical theories on ordinary people's medical views.

Domenico Ribatti - Protagonists of Medicine
Published: 2010-02-09 | ISBN: 904813742X | 150 pages

The study of medical history is interesting in itself and may help to modify the view sometimes expressed that medical students and doctors are lacking in culture of any sort. Moreover, some historical perspective is often advantageous when one is considering the multitude of advances that are now taking place in the theory and practice of medicine.

To Cast Out Disease: A History of the International Health Division of Rockefeller Foundation (1913-1951) by John Farley
English | ISBN: 0195166310 | edition 2003 | 336 pages

Traces the history, challenges, internal struggles, and conflicts of the international health division of the Rockefeller Foundation. Includes sketches of the personalities and prejudices of those working in the division and their belief of disease being root cause of ill health and poverty. Also discusses its role in the establishment of the World Health Organizations.

The Medical Book: From Witch Doctors to Robot Surgeons, 250 Milestones in the History of Medicine

Clifford A. Pickover
English | 2012 | ISBN: 1402785852 | ISBN-13: 9781402785856 | 528 pages

Following his hugely successful The Math Book and The Physics Book, Clifford Pickover now chronicles the advancement of medicine in 250 entertaining, illustrated landmark events. Touching on such diverse subspecialties as genetics, pharmacology, neurology, sexology, and immunology, Pickover intersperses “obvious” historical milestones--the Hippocratic Oath, general anesthesia, the Human Genome Project--with unexpected and intriguing topics like “truth serum,” the use of cocaine in eye surgery, and face transplants.

Nathan Belofsky, "Strange Medicine: A Shocking History of Real Medical Practices Through the Ages"
ISBN: 0399159959 | 2013 | 224 pages

Strange Medicine casts a gimlet eye on the practice of medicine through the ages that highlights the most dubious ideas, bizarre treatments, and biggest blunders. From bad science and oafish behavior to stomach-turning procedures that hurt more than helped, Strange Medicine presents strange but true facts and an honor roll of doctors, scientists, and dreamers who inadvertently turned the clock of medicine backward:

• The ancient Egyptians applied electric eels to cure gout.
• Medieval dentists burned candles in patients’ mouths to kill invisible worms gnawing at their teeth.
• Renaissance physicians timed surgical procedures according to the position of the stars, and instructed epileptics to collect fresh blood from the newly beheaded.
• Dr. Walter Freeman, the world’s foremost practitioner of lobotomies, practiced his craft while traveling on family camping trips, cramming the back of the station wagon with kids—and surgical tools—then hammering ice picks into the eye sockets of his patients in between hikes in the woods.

Strange Medicine is an illuminating panorama of medical history as you’ve never seen it before.

Guy B. Faguet - The War on Cancer: An Anatomy of Failure, A Blueprint for the Future
Published: 2005-11-15 | ISBN: 1402036183, 1402086202 | 227 pages

After reviewing the history of cancer and its impact on the population, Dr. Faguet exposes the antiquated notions that have driven cancer drug development, documents the stagnation in treatment outcomes despite major advances in cancer genomics and growing NCI budgets, and identifies the multiple factors that sustain the status quo. He shows that, contrary to frequent announcements of breakthroughs, our current cancer control model cannot eradicate most cancers and the reasons why. Significantly, this book also delineates a way forward via a shift from the discredited cell-kill approach of the past to an integrated, evidence-driven cancer control paradigm based on prevention, early diagnosis, and pharmacogenomics. The author's views are based on data published in mainstream scientific journals and other reliable references, 432 of which are cited.

Kevin Fong, "Extreme Medicine: How Exploration Transformed Medicine in the Twentieth Century"
English | ISBN: 1594204705 | 2014 |

Little more than one hundred years ago, maps of the world still boasted white space: places where no human had ever trod. Within a few short decades the most hostile of the world's environments had all been conquered. Likewise, in the twentieth century, medicine transformed human life. Doctors took what was routinely fatal and made it survivable. As modernity brought us ever more into different kinds of extremes, doctors pushed the bounds of medical advances and human endurance. Extreme exploration challenged the body in ways that only the vanguard of science could answer. Doctors, scientists, and explorers all share a defining trait: they push on in the face of grim odds. Because of their extreme exploration we not only understand our physiology better; we have also made enormous strides in the science of healing.

Drawing on his own experience as an anesthesiologist, intensive care expert, and NASA adviser, Dr. Kevin Fong examines how cutting-edge medicine pushes the envelope of human survival by studying the human body's response when tested by physical extremes. Extreme Medicine explores different limits of endurance and the lens each offers on one of the systems of the body. The challenges of Arctic exploration created opportunities for breakthroughs in open heart surgery; battlefield doctors pioneered techniques for skin grafts, heart surgery, and trauma care; underwater and outer space exploration have revolutionized our understanding of breathing, gravity, and much more. Avant-garde medicine is fundamentally changing our ideas about the nature of life and death.

Through astonishing accounts of extraordinary events and pioneering medicine, Fong illustrates the sheer audacity of medical practice at extreme limits, where human life is balanced on a knife's edge. Extreme Medicine is a gripping debut about the science of healing, but also about exploration in its broadest sense—and about how, by probing the very limits of our biology, we may ultimately return with a better appreciation of how our bodies work, of what life is, and what it means to be human.

William Osler: A Life in Medicine
Michael Bliss
English | Aug 22, 2007 | ISBN: 0195329600 | 622 Pages

William Osler, who was a brilliant, innovative teacher and a scholar of the natural history of disease, revolutionized the art of practicing medicine at the bedside of his patients. He was idolized by two generations of medical students and practitioners for whom he came to personify the ideal doctor. But much more than a physician, Osler was a fiercely intelligent humanist.
In both his writings and his personal life--and through the prism of the tragedy of the Great War--he embodied the art of living. Indeed, this is a book not only about the evolution of modern medicine, the training of doctors, holism in medical thought, and the doctor-patient relationship, but also about humanism, Victorianism, the Great War, and much else. Meticulously researched and accessibly written, William Osler: A Life in Medicine brings to life both a fascinating man and the formative age of twentieth-century medicine.
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