Поиск  Пользователи  Правила 
Забыли свой пароль?
Страницы: 1
Художественная литература и публицистика о науке и медицине

Ben Goldacre
"Bad Science: Quacks, Hacks, and Big Pharma Flacks"
2010 | ISBN-10: 0865479186 | 304 pages

British doctor Goldacre is funny and blunt as he bashes journalists, nutritionists, homeopaths, politicians, and pharmaceutical companies—his favorite targets. Many supposed experts, he writes, are actually people like Gillian McKeith, who recommends enemas for forehead pimples and whose PhD comes from a nonaccredited correspondence course. Goldacre also criticizes South Africa’s health minister, who turned down antiretroviral drugs for AIDS sufferers, instead advocating for raw garlic, lemons, beetroot, and potatoes. Weaving in medical history, he covers famous mistakes, such as Dr. Spock advising moms to put their babies to sleep on their bellies (now known to increase the risk of sudden infant death syndrome) and Dr. Andrew Wakefield erroneously linking vaccines and autism (which led many parents to stop immunizing their kids). No coward, he takes former prime minister Tony Blair to task for refusing to say whether he had vaccinated his son. Some readers may wish for more American examples and institutions because this was supposedly retooled for the U.S. market. But all in all, Bad Science is a fun, informative read.

Christopher Wanjek
"Bad Medicine: Misconceptions and Misuses Revealed, from Distance Healing to Vitamin O"
W...ey | 2003 | ISBN: 047143499X | 288 pages |

"Christopher Wanjek uses a take-no-prisoners approach in debunking the outrageous nonsense being heaped on a gullible public in the name of science and medicine. Wanjek writes with clarity, humor, and humanity, and simultaneously informs and entertains."
-Dr. Michael Shermer, Publisher, Skeptic magazine; monthly columnist,
Scientific American; author of Why People Believe Weird Things

Prehistoric humans believed cedar ashes and incantations could cure a head injury. Ancient Egyptians believed the heart was the center of thought, the liver produced blood, and the brain cooled the body. The ancient Greek physician Hippocrates was a big fan of bloodletting. Today, we are still plagued by countless medical myths and misconceptions. Bad Medicine sets the record straight by debunking widely held yet incorrect notions of how the body works, from cold cures to vaccination fears.

Clear, accessible, and highly entertaining, Bad Medicine dispels such medical convictions as:
* You only use 10% of your brain: CAT, PET, and MRI scans all prove that there are no inactive regions of the brain . . . not even during sleep.
* Sitting too close to the TV causes nearsightedness: Your mother was wrong. Most likely, an already nearsighted child sits close to see better.
* Eating junk food will make your face break out: Acne is caused by dead skin cells, hormones, and bacteria, not from a pizza with everything on it.
* If you don't dress warmly, you'll catch a cold: Cold viruses are the true and only cause of colds.

Protect yourself and the ones you love from bad medicine-the brain you save may be your own.

The Great Influenza: The story of the deadliest pandemic in history

John M. Barry
Publisher: Pen..guin Boo..ks 2005 | 546 Pages | ISBN: 0143036491

In 1918, a plague swept across the world virtually without warning, killing healthy young adults as well as vulnerable infants and the elderly. Hospitals and morgues were quickly overwhelmed; in Philadelphia, 4,597 people died in one week alone and bodies piled up on the streets to be carted off to mass graves. But this was not the dreaded Black Death-it was "only influenza." In this sweeping history, Barry (Rising Tide) explores how the deadly confluence of biology (a swiftly mutating flu virus that can pass between animals and humans) and politics (President Wilson's all-out war effort in WWI) created conditions in which the virus thrived, killing more than 50 million worldwide and perhaps as many as 100 million in just a year. Overcrowded military camps and wide-ranging troop deployments allowed the highly contagious flu to spread quickly; transport ships became "floating caskets." Yet the U.S. government refused to shift priorities away from the war and, in effect, ignored the crisis. Shortages of doctors and nurses hurt military and civilian populations alike, and the ineptitude of public health officials exacerbated the death toll. In Philadelphia, the hardest-hit municipality in the U.S., "the entire city government had done nothing" to either contain the disease or assist afflicted families. Instead, official lies and misinformation, Barry argues, created a climate of "fear... [that] threatened to break the society apart." Barry captures the sense of panic and despair that overwhelmed stricken communities and hits hard at those who failed to use their power to protect the public good. He also describes the work of the dedicated researchers who rushed to find the cause of the disease and create vaccines. Flu shots are widely available today because of their heroic efforts, yet we remain vulnerable to a virus that can mutate to a deadly strain without warning. Society's ability to survive another devastating flu pandemic, Barry argues, is as much a political question as a medical one.

Gary Presley

"Seven Wheelchairs: A Life beyond Polio"
University Of Iowa Press | 2008-10-01 | ISBN: 1587296934 | 238 pages

In 1959, seventeen-year-old Gary Presley was standing in line, wearing his favorite cowboy boots and waiting for his final inoculation of Salk vaccine. Seven days later, a bad headache caused him to skip basketball practice, tell his dad that he was too ill to feed the calves, and walk fr om barn to bed with shaky, dizzying steps. He never walked again. By the next day, burning with the fever of polio, he was fastened into the claustrophobic cocoon of the iron lung that would be his home for the next three months. Set among the hardscrabble world of the Missouri Ozarks, sizzling with sarcasm and acerbic wit, his memoir tells the story of his journey fr om the iron lung to life in a wheelchair. Presley is no wheelchair hero, no inspiring figure preaching patience and gratitude. An army brat turned farm kid, newly arrived in a conservative rural community, he was immobilized before he could take the next step toward adulthood. Prevented, literally, from taking that next step, he became cranky and crabby, anxious and alienated, a rolling responsibility crippled not just by polio but by anger and depression, “a crip all over, starting with the brain.” Slowly, however, despite the lim itations of navigating in a world before the Americans with Disabilities Act, he builds an independent life. Now, almost fifty years later, having worn out wheelchair after wheelchair, survived post-polio syndrome, and married the woman of his dreams, Gary has redefined himself as Gimp, more ready to act out than to speak up, ironic, perceptive, still cranky and intolerant but more accepting, more able to find joy in his family and his newfound religion. Despite the fact that he detests pity, can spot condescension from miles away, and refuses to play the role of noble victim, he writes in a way that elicits sympathy and understanding and laughter. By giving his readers the unromantic truth about life in a wheelchair, he escapes stereotypes about people with disabilities and moves toward a place wh ere every individual is irreplaceable.

50 Timeless Scientists
Publisher: Pustak Mahal | ISBN: 8122310303 | edition 2008 | PDF | 191 pages | 10.7 MB

Here we have scientists who missed Nobel Prize and those whom Nobel missed. A Nobel Prize awarded to Pauling was branded as an insult! But he is the only one to receive two unshared Nobels. Bardeen promised Swedish king that he would return and he did for another Nobel. An agricultural Scientist received a Peace Nobel Prize. Yes! What is peace without food? Barbara Mcclintock refused to publish her papers anguished at the hostile scientific community, but Nobel committee discovered her in 1983.
Then we have scientists who received awards in prison cells, scientists who made discoveries in the prison cells. Tesla was thrown out of his own labs, cheated by another great man but his alternating current runs our homes now. Carlson went fr om pillar to post with his photocopy machine and sooner or later we may have a Xerox of human being. Townes received the revelation for LASER on a park bench. When Maiman made the practical Laser, a Hollywood actress wondered if it is a death Ray.
Medicines from Jenner, Pasteur and the like consigned some diseases to history. If only Subba Rao lived a few years more, he would have killed some more diseases. A trio of scientists transformed the twentieth century by inventing the transistor. To top it all, a scientist who was not allowed to go on a holiday invented the microchip.
A school teacher testified in the court to save his old student, Fansworth from greedy corporations for his rightful invention, the television. Davy openly accepted his student as his greatest discovery, Michael Faraday indeed!
New York Times reversed its ridicule ladled out on a rocket scientist after 40 years only after man landed on the moon. Pauli discovered Neutrinos but could not believe their existence. When proved, he kept his promise of champagne casket.
You have them all! It is not a weary chronology of oft repeated Einstein or Newton but a delightful journey into the biographies some of the unsung heroes through their trials and tribulations, eurekas and euphorias, their pleasures and pains, and their dreams and delusions.
01. Amar Bose (Bose Systems) 9
02. Aryabhatta (Mathematician and Astronomer) 13
03. Barbara Mc Clintock (Genius Genetist) 16
04. Benjamin Peary Paul (Father of Roses) 20
05. Bhaskaracharya (Mathematician and Astrologer) 23
06. C. N. R. Rao (Material Chemist) 27
07. C. R. Rao (Rao Theorems) 31
08. Charles Goodyear (Vulcanisation) 34
09. Charles H. Townes (Laser) 38
10. Charles Kettering (Automobile Inventions) 41
11. Chestor Carlson (Photocopy Machine) 44
12. E. C. G. Sudarshan (Tachyons) 48
13. Edward Jenner (Vaccination) 52
14. Felix Hoffman (Aspirin and Heroin) 55
15. Howard Florey (Production of Penicillin) 58
16. Humphrey Davy (Davy Lamp) 62
17. J. B. S. Haldane (Haldane's Principle) 65
18. Jack Kilby (Integrated Circuit) 69
19. Jayant Vishnu Narlikar (Astrophysicist) 73
20. John Bardeen (Transistor) 76
21. Jonas Salk (Polio vaccine) 80
22. Linus Pauling (Chemical Bond) 84
23. Louis Jean Pasteur (Pasteurisation) 88
24. M. S. Swaminathan (Father of Green Revolution) 92
25. Meghnad Saha (Saha Equation) 97
26. Niels Bohr (Bohr's Model) 100
27. Nikola Tesla (Alternating Current) 104
28. Norman Borlaug (Agricultural Scientist) 108
29. P. C. Mahalanobis (Mahalanobis Distance) 112
30. Philo Farnsworth (Electronic Television) 115
31. Raja Ramanna (Nuclear Physicist) 119
32. Robert H. Goddard (Rocket Pioneer) 123
33. Robert Noyce (Integrated Circuit) 127
34. Ronald Ross (Malaria Cure) 130
35. S. Chandrasekhar (Chandrasekhar Lim it) 134
36. Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar (Magneto Chemistry) 138
37. Sigmund Freud (Father of Psychoanalysis) 142
38. Sushruta (First Cosmetic Surgeon) 145
39. Albert Szent Gyorgyi (Vitamin C) 149
40. Theodore H. Maiman (Practical Laser) 152
41. Tim Berners-Lee (Internet) 156
42. M.K. Vainu Bappu (Astronomer) 159
43. Varahamihira (Mathematician and Astrologer) 162
44. Vikram Sarabhai (Space Scientist) 165
45. Walter Brattain (Transistor) 169
46. Washington Carver (Agriculture Scientist) 173
47. William Shockley (Transistor) 177
48. Wilson Greatbatch (Implantable Heart Pacemaker) . 181
49. Wolfgang Ernst Pauli (Pauli's Principle) 185
50. Yellapragada Subba Rao (Auromycin and Hetrazan).. 188

Bryan Bunch, Alexander Hellemans,
"The History of Science and Technology: A Browser's Guide to the Great Discoveries, Inventions, and the People Who MadeThem fr om the Dawn of Time to Today"
Houghton Mifflin (April 16, 2004) | ISBN: 0618221239 | 784 pages

In this age of genetic engineering and global warming, it is more important than ever to understand the history and current trends of science and technology. With so much information out there, though, it's hard to know where to start. That's wh ere The History of Science and Technology the most comprehensive and up-to-date chronology of its kind -- comes in. From the first stone tools to the first robot surgery, this easy-to-read, handy reference book offers more than seven thousand concise entries organized within ten major historical periods and categorized by subject, such as archaeology, biology, computers, food and agriculture, medicine and health, materials, and transportation. You can follow the world's scientific and technological feats forward or backward, year by year, and subject by subject. Under 8400 BCE Construction, you will discover that the oldest known wall was built in Jericho. Jump to 1454 Communication and you will learn about Johann Gutenberg's invention of movable type. Take an even larger leap to 2002 Computers and find out about the invention of the Earth Simulator, a Japanese supercomputer. The History of Science and Technology answers all the what, when, why, and how questions about our world's greatest discoveries and inventions: How are bridges built? When were bifocal eyeglasses invented and by whom? What medical discovery led to the introduction of sterilization, vaccines, and antibiotics? What is the PCR (polymerase chain reaction) process, and why is it one of the pillars of the biotechnology revolution? Not only can you discover how our world came to be and how it works, but with cross-referenced entries you can also trace many intricate and exciting connections across time. Highly browsable yet richly detailed, expertly researched and indexed, The History of Science and Technology is the perfect desktop reference for both the science novice and the technologically advanced reader alike

Peter McDonald
Oxford Dictionary of Medical Quotations
Published: 2003-12-18 | ISBN: 0192630474 |  224 pages

The Oxford Book of Medical Quotations presents a wonderfully entertaining and eclectic range of quotations covering all aspects of medicine through the ages. It couples profound statements from famous scientists with witty one-liners from the likes of Woody Allen and Spike Milligan. Packed with hundreds of quotations, it is a book that anyone in the medical profession, or with an interest in health, will find an invaluable source of reference hand considerable entertainment.
Музыка для хирургов и сочувствующих :)
Carcass - Surgical Steel (2013)
Melodic Death Metal

а вот что то про ЕВМ поют :)
EBM Club Classics Volume 2 (1999)
EBM, Industrial

White Coat Tales: Medicine's Heroes, Heritage, and Misadventures
Robert B. Taylor
English | Oct 15, 2007 | ISBN: 0387730796 | 272 Pages

This collection of intriguing stories offers profound insights into medical history. It highlights what all health professionals should know about the career path they have chosen. Each chapter presents a number of fascinating tales of legendary medical innovators, diseases that changed history, insightful clinical sayings, famous persons and their illnesses, and epic blunders made by physicians and scientists. The book relates the stories in history to what clinicians do in practice today and is ideal reading for physicians, residents, medical students and all clinicians.

The Patient Will See You Now: The Future of Medicine is in Your Hands by Eric Topol M.D.
2015 | ISBN: 0465054749 | English | 384 pages

A trip to the doctor is almost a guarantee of misery. You'll make an appointment months in advance. You'll probably wait for several hours until you hear "the doctor will see you now"—but only for fifteen minutes! Then you'll wait even longer for lab tests, the results of which you'll likely never see, unless they indicate further (and more invasive) tests, most of which will probably prove unnecessary (much like physicals themselves). And your bill will be astronomical.

In The Patient Will See You Now, Eric Topol, one of the nation’s top physicians, shows why medicine does not have to be that way. Instead, you could use your smartphone to get rapid test results fr om one drop of blood, monitor your vital signs both day and night, and use an artificially intelligent algorithm to receive a diagnosis without having to see a doctor, all at a small fraction of the cost imposed by our modern healthcare system.

The change is powered by what Topol calls medicine's "Gutenberg moment." Much as the printing press took learning out of the hands of a priestly class, the mobile internet is doing the same for medicine, giving us unprecedented control over our healthcare. With smartphones in hand, we are no longer beholden to an impersonal and paternalistic system in which "doctor knows best." Medicine has been digitized, Topol argues; now it will be democratized. Computers will replace physicians for many diagnostic tasks, citizen science will give rise to citizen medicine, and enormous data sets will give us new means to attack conditions that have long been incurable. Massive, open, online medicine, wh ere diagnostics are done by Facebook-like comparisons of medical profiles, will enable real-time, real-world research on massive populations. There's no doubt the path forward will be complicated: the medical establishment will resist these changes, and digitized medicine inevitably raises serious issues surrounding privacy. Nevertheless, the result—better, cheaper, and more human health care—will be worth it.

Provocative and engrossing, The Patient Will See You Now is essential reading for anyone who thinks they deserve better health care. That is, for all of us.

Paul Offit, "Bad Faith: When Religious Belief Undermines Modern Medicine"
English | ISBN: 0465082963 | 2015 | 272 pages 

 In recent years, there have been major outbreaks of whooping cough among children in California, mumps in New York, and measles in Ohio's Amish country--despite the fact that these are all vaccine-preventable diseases. Although America is the most medically advanced place in the world, many people disregard modern medicine in favor of using their faith to fight life threatening illnesses. Christian Scientists pray for healing instead of going to the doctor, Jehovah's Witnesses refuse blood transfusions, and ultra-Orthodox Jewish mohels spread herpes by using a primitive ritual to clean the wound. Tragically, children suffer and die every year from treatable diseases, and in most states it is legal for parents to deny their children care for religious reasons. In twenty-first century America, how could this be happening? In Bad Faith, acclaimed physician and author Dr. Paul Offit gives readers a never-before-seen look into the minds of those who choose to medically martyr themselves, or their children, in the name of religion. Offit chronicles the stories of these faithful and their children, whose devastating experiences highlight the tangled relationship between religion and medicine in America. Religious or not, this issue reaches everyone--whether you are seeking treatment at a Catholic hospital or trying to keep your kids safe from diseases spread by their unvaccinated peers. Replete with vivid storytelling and complex, compelling characters, Bad Faith makes a strenuous case that denying medicine to children in the name of religion isn't just unwise and immoral, but a rejection of the very best aspects of what belief itself has to offer.
Страницы: 1
Развернуть блок